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Differential Diagnoses of Forelimb and Pelvic Limb Conditions

Forelimb Conditions

Scapula

Luxation

Trauma/fractures

 

Shoulder

Luxation

            Medial

            Lateral

Osteochondritis dissecans - Caudal aspect of humeral head

Biceps tenosynovitis

Medial glenohumeral instability 

Supraspinatus tendinopathy

Contracture of infraspinatus muscle

Fracture

Humerus

Panosteitis

Osteosarcoma

Metastatic bone tumor

Trauma/fractures

Elbow

Fragmented Medial Coronoid Process

Osteochondritis dissecans - Medial aspect of humeral condyle

Ununited Anconeal Process

Ununited medial humeral epicondyle

Elbow luxation

Trauma/fractures 

Antebrachium

Angular limb deformity

Panosteitis

Hypertrophic osteodystrophy

RadioUlnar Ischemic Necrosis

Retained cartilage cores

Osteosarcoma

Trauma/Fractures

Carpus

Luxation(s)

Carpal hyperextension syndrome

Flexural deformity of the carpus

Carpal laxity syndrome

Trauma/fractures

Digits

Joint Luxations

Shearing injuries

Tendon and ligament lacerations/injuries 

Hypertrophic osteopathy

Trauma/fractures

Pelvic Limb Conditions

Pelvis

Neoplasia

Trauma/fractures

Coxofemoral Joint

Hip dysplasia

Legg-Calve-Perthes disease

Hip luxation

Iliopsoas muscle/tendon strain

Osteochondritis dissecans of femoral head

Trauma/fractures

Femur

Panosteitis

Osteosarcoma

Trauma/fractures

Stifle

Cranial cruciate ligament rupture

Medial meniscus injury

Caudal Cruciate ligament rupture

Collateral ligament damage

Deranged stifle joint

Patella luxation

            Medial patella luxation

            Lateral patella luxation

Osteochondritis dissecans - Lateral femoral condyle

Trauma/Fractures

Long digital extensor tendon avulsion/tear

Crus

Panosteitis

Hypertrophic osteodystrophy

Osteosarcoma

Trauma/Fractures

Tarsus

Osteochondritis dissecans - Trochlear ridges of talus

Calcaneal tendon injuries

Luxation of superficial digital flexor tendon from tuber calcis

Shearing injuries/Collateral ligament damage

Trauma/Fractures    

Digits and metatarsals

Joint Luxations

Tendon and ligament lacerations/injuries 

Hypertrophic osteopathy

Trauma/fractures

Shearing injuries

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