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Selected References

Osteoarthritis

Anderson, K. L., O’Neill, D. G., Brodbelt, D. C., Church, D. B., Meeson, R. L., Sargan, D., Summers, J. F., Zulch, H., & Collins, L. M. (2018). Prevalence, duration and risk factors for appendicular osteoarthritis in a UK dog population under primary veterinary care. Scientific Reports. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-018-23940-z

Anderson, K. L., Zulch, H., O’Neill, D. G., Meeson, R. L., & Collins, L. M. (2020). Risk factors for canine osteoarthritis and its predisposing arthropathies: A systematic review. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7(April), 1–16. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2020.00220

 

Belshaw, Z., Asher, L., & Dean, R. S. (2016). Systematic Review of Outcome Measures Reported in Clinical Canine Osteoarthritis Research. Veterinary Surgery, 45(4), 480–487. https://doi.org/10.1111/vsu.12479

 

Budsberg, S. C. (2017). Medical Therapy for Stifle Osteoarthritis. In Advances in the Canine Cranial Cruciate Ligament: Second Edition. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781119261728.ch41

 

Budsberg, S. C., Torres, B. T., Kleine, S. A., Sandberg, G. S., & Berjeski, A. K. (2018). Lack of effectiveness of tramadol hydrochloride for the treatment of pain and joint dysfunction in dogs with chronic osteoarthritis. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.252.4.427

 

Cuervo B et al. (2019). Objective and subjective evaluation of plasma rich in growth factors therapy for the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2019.02.532 

 

Essner, A., Högberg, H., Zetterberg, L., Hellström, K., Sjöström, R., & Gustås, P. (2020). Investigating the Probability of Response Bias in Owner-Perceived Pain Assessment in Dogs With Osteoarthritis. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine, 39(April). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tcam.2020.100407

 

Gagnon, A., Brown, D., Moreau, M., Lussier, B., Otis, C., & Troncy, E. (2017). Therapeutic response analysis in dogs with naturally occurring osteoarthritis. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 44(6), 1373–1381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaa.2017.07.008

 

Harman, R., Carlson, K., Gaynor, J., Gustafson, S., Dhupa, S., Clement, K., Hoelzler, M., McCarthy, T., Schwartz, P., & Adams, C. (2016). A prospective, randomized, masked, and placebo-controlled efficacy study of intraarticular allogeneic adipose stem cells for the treatment of osteoarthritis in dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science. https://doi.org/10.3389/fvets.2016.00081

 

Huck, J. L., Biery, D. N., Lawler, D. F., Gregor, T. P., Runge, J. J., Evans, R. H., Kealy, R. D., & Smith, G. K. (2009). A longitudinal study of the influence of lifetime food restriction on development of osteoarthritis in the canine elbow. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00487.x

 

Kealy, R. D., Lawler, D. F., Ballam, J. M., Lust, G., Biery, D. N., Smith, G. K., & Mantz, S. L. (2000). Evaluation of the effect of limited food consumption on radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.2000.217.1678

 

Marshall, W. G., Bockstahler, B. A., Hulse, D. A., & Carmichael, S. (2009). A review of osteoarthritis and obesity: Current understanding of the relationship and benefit of obesity treatment and prevention in the dog. In Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. https://doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-08-08-0069

 

Pettitt, R. A., & German, A. J. (2016). Investigation and management of canine osteoarthritis. In Practice, 38(November), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.1136/inp.h5763

 

Runge, J. J., Biery, D. N., Lawler, D. F., Gregor, T. P., Evans, R. H., Kealy, R. D., Szabo, S. D., & Smith, G. K. (2008). The effects of lifetime food restriction on the development of osteoarthritis in the canine shoulder. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2007.00354.x

 

Rychel, J. K. (2010). Diagnosis and Treatment of Osteoarthritis. Topics in Companion Animal Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.tcam.2009.10.005

 

de Mello Souza, C. H., Headrick, J., Weigel, J. P., & Millis, D. L. (2011). The use of cyclosporine-A in dogs with chronic osteoarthritis: A pilot study. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology, 24(4). https://doi.org/10.3415/VCOT-10-07-0111

 

Smith, G. K., Paster, E. R., Powers, M. Y., Lawler, D. F., Biery, D. N., Shofer, F. S., McKelvie, P. J., & Kealy, R. D. (2006). Lifelong diet restriction and radiographic evidence of osteoarthritis of the hip joint in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 229(5), 690–693. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.229.5.690

 

Forelimb

Shoulder

Canapp, S. O., Canapp, D. A., Carr, B. J., Cox, C., & Barrett, J. G. (2016). Supraspinatus Tendinopathy in 327 Dogs: A Retrospective Study. Veterinary Evidence. https://doi.org/10.18849/ve.v1i3.32

 

Elbow

Elbow Dysplasia

Canapp, S., Acciani, D., Hulse, D., Schulz, K., & Canapp, D. (2009). Rehabilitation therapy for elbow disorders in dogs. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00496.x

 

Michelsen, J. (2013). Canine elbow dysplasia: Aetiopathogenesis and current treatment recommendations. Veterinary Journal, 196(1), 12–19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tvjl.2012.11.009

 

O’Neill, D. G., Brodbelt, D. C., Hodge, R., Church, D. B., & Meeson, R. L. (2020). Epidemiology and clinical management of elbow joint disease in dogs under primary veterinary care in the UK. Canine Medicine and Genetics. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40575-020-0080-5

 

Punke, J. P., Hulse, D. A., Kerwin, S. C., Peycke, L. E., & Budsberg, S. C. (2009). Arthroscopic documentation of elbow cartilage pathology in dogs with clinical lameness without changes on standard radiographic projections. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2008.00456.x

 

Pelvic Limb

Hip Dysplasia

Bergh, M. S., & Budsberg, S. C. (2014). A Systematic Review of the Literature Describing the Efficacy of Surgical Treatments for Canine Hip Dysplasia (1948-2012). Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2014.12208.x

 

Bergh, M. S., Gilley, R. S., Shofer, F. S., & Kapatkin, A. S. (2006). Complications and radiographic findings following cemented total hip replacement. Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0038-1632994

 

Dycus, D. L., Levine, D., & Marcellin-Little, D. J. (2017). Physical Rehabilitation for the Management of Canine Hip Dysplasia. In Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.02.006

 

Guevara, F., & Franklin, S. P. (2017). Triple Pelvic Osteotomy and Double Pelvic Osteotomy. Veterinary Clinics of NA: Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.02.005

 

Guo, G., Zhou, Z., Wang, Y., Zhao, K., Zhu, L., Lust, G., Hunter, L., Friedenberg, S., Li, J., Zhang, Y., Harris, S., Jones, P., Sandler, J., Krotscheck, U., Todhunter, R., & Zhang, Z. (2011). Canine hip dysplasia is predictable by genotyping. Osteoarthritis and Cartilage. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joca.2010.12.011

 

Harper, T. A. M. (2017). Conservative Management of Hip Dysplasia. In Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.02.007

 

King, M. D. (2017). Etiopathogenesis of Canine Hip Dysplasia, Prevalence, and Genetics. In Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.03.001

 

Kirkby KA et al. Canine Hip Dysplasia: Reviewing the Evidence for Nonsurgical Management. In Veterinary Surgery.

Reagan, J. K. (2017). Canine Hip Dysplasia Screening Within the United States: Pennsylvania Hip Improvement Program and Orthopedic Foundation for Animals Hip/Elbow Database. Veterinary Clinics of North America - Small

Animal Practice, 47(4), 795–805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2017.02.003

 

Runge, J. J., Kelly, S. P., Gregor, T. P., Kotwal, S., & Smith, G. K. (2010). Distraction index as a risk factor for osteoarthritis associated with hip dysplasia in four large dog breeds. Journal of Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-5827.2010.00937.x

 

Smith, G. K., Mayhew, P. D., Kapatkin, A. S., McKelvie, P. J., Shofer, F. S., & Gregor, T. P. (2001). Evaluation of risk factors for degenerative joint disease associated with hip dysplasia in German shepherd dogs, golden retrievers, labrador retrievers, and rottweilers. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 219(12), 1719–1724. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.2001.219.1719

 

Soo, M., & Worth, A. J. (2015). Canine hip dysplasia: phenotypic scoring and the role of estimated breeding value analysis. In New Zealand Veterinary Journal. https://doi.org/10.1080/00480169.2014.949893

 

Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

Cardoso, C. B., Rahal, S. C., Mamprim, M. J., Oliveira, H. S., Melchert, A., Coris, J. G. F., & Dos Reis Mesquita, L. (2018). Avascular necrosis of the femoral head in dogs - Retrospective study. Acta Scientiae Veterinariae. https://doi.org/10.22456/1679-9216.81845

 

Stifle

Cranial Cruciate Ligament

Aragon, C. L., & Budsberg, S. C. (2005). Applications of evidence-based medicine: Cranial cruciate ligament injury repair in the dog. In Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2005.00016.x

 

Au, K. K., Gordon-Evans, W. J., Dunning, D., O’Dell-Anderson, K. J., Knap, K. E., Griffon, D., & Johnson, A. L. (2010). Comparison of short- and long-term function and radiographic osteoarthrosis in dogs after postoperative physical rehabilitation and tibial plateau leveling osteotomy or lateral fabellar suture stabilization. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2009.00628.x

 

Baltzer, W. I., Smith-Ostrin, S., Warnock, J. J., & Ruaux, C. G. (2018). Evaluation of the clinical effects of diet and physical rehabilitation in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. https://doi.org/10.2460/javma.252.6.686

 

Budsberg, S. C., Lenz, M. E., & Thonar, E. (2006). Serum and synovial fluid concentrations of keratan sulfate and hyaluronan in dogs with induced stifle joint osteoarthritis following cranial cruciate ligament transection. American Journal of Veterinary Research.

 

Canapp, S. O. (2007). The Canine Stifle. Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice. https://doi.org/10.1053/j.ctsap.2007.09.008

 

Headrick, J. F., Zhang, S., Millard, R. P., Rohrbach, B. W., Weigel, J. P., & Millis, D. L. (2014). Use of an inverse dynamics method to compare the three-dimensional motion of the pelvic limb among clinically normal dogs and dogs with cranial cruciate ligament-deficient stifle joints following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy or lateral fabellar-tibia. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 75(6). https://doi.org/10.2460/ajvr.75.6.554

 

Hoelzler, M. G., Harvey, R. C., Lidbetter, D. A., & Millis, D. L. (2005). Comparison of perioperative analgesic protocols for dogs undergoing tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. Veterinary Surgery, 34(4). https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2005.00052.x

 

Millis, D., Hickey, D., & Drum, M. (2016). Conservative management of cranial cruciate ligament disease in dogs. Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13028-016-0259-7

 

Mostafa, A. A., Griffon, D. J., Thomas, M. W., & Constable, P. D. (2010). Morphometric characteristics of the pelvic limb musculature of labrador retrievers with and without cranial cruciate ligament deficiency. Veterinary Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1532-950X.2010.00657.x

 

Valentine D. Verpaalen, Wendy I. Baltzer, Sarah Smith-Ostrin, Jennifer J. Warnock, Bernadette Stang, & Craig G. Ruaux. (2018). Assessment of the effects of diet and physical rehabilitation on radiographic findings and markers of synovial inflammation in dogs following tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association.

Patella Luxation

Isaka, M., Befu, M., Matsubara, N., Ishikawa, M., Arase, Y., Tsuyama, T., Doi, A., & Namba, S. (2014). Corrective surgery for canine patellar luxation in 75 cases (107 limbs): landmark for block recession. Veterinary Science Development. https://doi.org/10.4081/vsd.2014.5251

 

O’Neill, D. G., Meeson, R. L., Sheridan, A., Church, D. B., & Brodbelt, D. C. (2016). The epidemiology of patellar luxation in dogs attending primary-care veterinary practices in England. Canine Genetics and Epidemiology, 3(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40575-016-0034-0

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